India is home to many of the national parks that I have visited and explored, but recently came across this issue of the Marine National Parks and was surprised to know that India is also home to these national parks.
A huge border borders three waters, namely the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. These three bodies of water, where large aquatic animals live, are visited by many migratory birds and animals, people as tourist destinations, and scientists and researchers to conduct their scientific studies. Here are the lists of India's National Marine Parks that you can visit while traveling in India.
Marine National Park, GujaratIt is one of the first Marine National Parks in India that was founded in 1980. The Marine National Park is located in the Indian state of Gujarat and you must visit the coast of Jamnagar in the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat. It stretches over 163 km² and is a collection of 42 islands that are home to over 52 species of coral, mangroves, birds, dolphins, endangered whale sharks, sea cucumbers, octopuses, etc. On a day with low tide you can visit this place by taking a ferry from Jamnagar but be aware that the tide affects the area so keep an eye on the tide to visit this place.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Andaman and Nicobar IslandsThe Mahatma Gandhi National Park is located in Andaman and the Nicobar Islands are spread over an area of 282 km² and comprise a total of over 15 islands. It has white sandy beaches, tropical vegetation, and diverse marine life that you can explore if you take a glass-bottom boat from Wandoor. The national park was founded in 1983 to protect the turtle and coral species that cannot be found anywhere in the world. The islands are not only home to many marine animals, but also many bird and animal species that you can explore during your visit to the national park. Since you are an uninhabited place, you must take your groceries with you as there are no groceries available here.
Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary, OdishaThe coast of Gahirmatha, over 1,435 square kilometers, was regarded as a protected marine park in 1997. The reason for this is that this is the only place that has been declared a nesting site for Olive Ridley Turtles. The migrating turtles come to Odisha from the South Pacific every year to nest, and from October to May the baby turtles crawl out to the ocean. The area is rich in nutrients due to mangroves around this part, which makes the water rich and ideal for the species.
Marine National Park Gulf of Mannar, Tamil NaduThis national park is located on the border between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka and extends over an area of 560 square kilometers. It consists of 21 islands and coral reefs. It is one of the richest places in the world in terms of biodiversity and is compared to an underwater rainforest. Discover many species of sea grass, corals, sea cucumbers, turtles, oysters, seahorses, blue whales and many types of mammals, making it a natural place of biodiversity in the world. You can explore this place all year round and the nearby place to rent a boat is from Rameshwaram.
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Another marine national park that makes it onto the list from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, which is part of the Ritchie archipelago and consists of 3 islands. The national park was recognized and founded in 1996. Several species of corals, lagoons, mangrove forests and many aquatic species live in this protected area. Interestingly, this place has several fruit-eating bats that are not found on the nearby islands.
Malvan Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
One of the smallest nature reserves with an area of around 3.2 km² is the Malvan Marine Wildlife Sanctuary in Maharashtra. Explore the region by boat from Malvan. The place has a variety of species such as sea cucumbers, pearl oysters, corals, algae and many types of fish that you can encounter while snorkeling or diving.
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